CNA Job Duties

Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) are individuals who work in different medical settings such as hospitals, government health care centers, private clinics, rehabilitation centers, adult day care centers, community health centers, and military hospitals in order to provide basic nursing service to patients who are admitted for different treatments. These CNAs work under the supervision of Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN), or a Registered Nurse(RN). CNA job duties differ from one organization to the other and it also depends upon the patient's condition.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Certified Nursing Assistant

Listed below are some of the basic duties of a CNA.

  1. Dietary Care:
    • Need to take care about the patient's diet
    • Provide proper nutrients and supplements
    • Provide liquid diet, fruits, and healthy drinks as prescribed by the dietitian
  2. Personal and Oral Hygiene:
    • Proper hygiene helps in eliminating the infections from being spread
    • Give bathe to the patients daily
    • Provide dental care
    • Trimming of nails once or twice in a week
    • Provide oral hygiene
  3. Exercising:
    • Assist the patient during exercising as suggested by the doctors
    • Provide massage therapy and other exercises at regular intervals of time
    • Exercises helps to improve mobility to a great extent
  4. Checking Vital Signs:
    • Measuring the body temperature, blood pressure and pulse rate at regular intervals of time, if required
    • Measuring weight and height of the patient
  5. Patients Comfort and Relief:
    • Responsible for looking after the comfort and relief of the patients from time to time.
    • Listen to the problems of the patients and rectify it as soon as possible. In case they cannot solve the problem, they need to update the condition of the patient to the doctor immediately.
  6. Environmental Cleanliness:
    • Performs cleanliness of the surrounding area that helps to eliminate the infections
  7. Assist in Daily Activities:
    • Take care of the daily requirements or needs of the patients such as combing hair, changing their dress, shaving, and so on
  8. Medications and Drugs:
    • Responsible for providing medicines and required drugs to the patients from time to time, as prescribed by the doctors.
    • Be very careful in while giving the proper dose of medicine to the patient
    • Give enema, if required
  9. Maintaining Health Records:
    • Maintain a proper health records of the patients and submit the report to the doctor, as it will help in the further treatment process
  10. Observing Patients:
    • Keep a keen watch on the patient's conditions
    • Report to the doctor immediately, if any uneven thing happens
  11. Repositioning Patients:
    • Moving the patients from one place to another. For example: move the patient from bed to wheelchair and vice versa
    • Prevent the bed sores, especially for the bed ridden patients
  12. Sample Collection:

    • Blood, stool and urine samples are collected and sent to the pathology lab for performing different tests
  13. Toilet Requirements:
    • Look at the toilet needs for the patients
    • Emptying the catheter bads and provide bed pan
    • Help the patient while visiting to the toilet
    • Make sure that everything is properly kept in the washroom
    • Check the cleanliness of the toilet
  14. Dressing Wounds:
    • Dressing and redressing of the wounds after certain intervals of time
    • Wash the wounded area and clean it properly, apply ointment and again dress the wound
    • While redressing, make sure that the wound does not catch any infections; otherwise it can be troublesome
  15. Preparing Bed:
    • Prepare the bed for the patient
    • Take care of the cleanliness of the room and the surroundings
  16. Assisting Doctors:
    • Assist the doctors at the time of surgery by providing the required equipments
    • Assist the doctors while visiting to the patients in their wards
  17. Maintaining Tools and Equipments:
    • Maintain the tools and equipments by sterilizing it
    • Keep the sterilized equipments in proper place so that it is easy for the doctor
    • Clean the equipments soon after the surgery is over
  18. Mental and Emotional Support:
    • Provides emotional and mental support that helps in the treatment procedure, especially for the elderly patients
    • Communicate with the patients, listening to their problems and resolving it as soon as possible, as it develops a healthy relation between the patients and the nursing assistants
  19. Safety Precautions:
    • Look after the safety measures and precautions of the patients
  20. Answering Patients:
    • Answer the call of the patient and fix appointment with the doctor
    • Re-schedule the appointment in case of emergency

Apart from these duties, there are various other duties of a CNA, but it may depend upon the situation and the type of medical setting as well. There are different designations for nursing assistants such as Pediatric Nurse, Home Health Care Nurse, Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Radiology Nurse, Oncology Nurse, Nurse Practitioner, Cardiac Catheterization Lab Nurse, and Geriatric Nurse Practitioner. therefore, the roles and responsibilities may differ as per their designation.